Jaguar first appeared in 1922, originally under a different profile and name. Founded as the Swallow Sidecar company by William Lyons and William Walmsley, the company later dropped sidecars and focused their efforts on coach building that would eventually lead to the first Jaguar. The first Jaguar Automobile was an S.S model made in 1931. Until 1945, Lyons & Walmsley made cars that bore badge this initially, a reminder of the company’s sidecar making history. This lettering was dropped due to the resemblance of WWII Nazi troop labels. From there, Jaguar was picked as the new name.
After a number of luxurious saloon cars, Jaguar shocked the automotive community with the release of the XK 120. At the time, it was the fastest production car sporting a 3.4L engine and reaching a top speed of 200km/h. The XK120 could accelerate from 0 to 97 km/h in less than 5 seconds. Upgrades to the 120 followed onto XK 140 and XK 150. A total of 12,000 units were sold between 1948 – 1954.
During the 50’s, The large four-door luxury MK VII was the first of a completely different lineup in comparison to past luxurious saloon cars. It was a version of the Jaguar Mark V with the XK engine and had achieved several successes in racing and rallying. However this model of car wasn’t as popular, selling a total of 30,000 units, compared to the smaller and differently styled saloon car – The MK II.
The MK II was produced between 1959 – 1969, where it respectively was renamed to the Jaguar 240 and Jaguar 340. The Mk II was a fast and capable saloon car and was very popular amongst the public, making it the second most sold car in it’s history. Jaguar sold a total of 123,000 units.
When the 60’s had arrived, Jaguar had already built a successful reputation that was now reinforced with the launch of the successful Jaguar E-type. Launched at the Geneva Auto Show in March 1961, the E-type was not only a beautiful car but a record breaker. The car could reach an unheard speed of 150mph – that’s 241 km/h! The E-type was more advanced than it’s predecessors, four-wheel disc brakes, independent rear suspension and an overhead cam. After 75,000 units were made production ceased during 1975 and was replaced by it’s not so successful XJS.
The F-type is a focused sports car delivering draw-dropping looks. It is the spiritual successor to the famous E-type and the replacement for the Jaguar XK. Production of the F-type was first seen in 2013 and is still producing models today. It has a supercharged 3.0L engine coming in both V6 and V8 models and proves utter performance and agility on the road.
The iconic Jaguar brand, which was sold in 1989 to Ford and again to Indian company Tata Motors in 2008, just marked its 80th anniversary of car production! Today, the brand lives on with the model XE being Jaguar’s most efficient, advanced and redefined saloon sports car that Jaguar has ever released.